Saint Sophia's Cathedral (1037) is the most vivid example of the Old Rus architecture. It was built and decorated in monumental art when the state of Kyiv Rus was living through the peak of its prosperity. It was here that grand prices were crowned and buried and formal ceremonies and receptions of envoys were held.
The first known library in ancient Rus and the first school for boys and girls was also founded here by Yaroslav the Wise. The Cathedral was known as the seat of the Kiev Metropolitan. The interior has survived from the 11th century and there have been practically no alterations.
On the walls there are mosaics and frescoes of the 11th century, depicting scriptural scenes, various figures of the Church's history, the apostles, and warriors and maidens. These paintings were done using a unique method and are considered very valuable.
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