Suleiman’s Mosque belongs to a complex of schools, kitchen, hospital, cemetery, and the marble tombs of Sultan Suleiman, wife Roxelana and master architect Sinan. The mosque itself dominates the skyline with four minarets signifying that Suleiman was the fourth sultan to rule in Istanbul. The mosque’s 10 balconies indicate that he was the 10th sultan of the Ottoman Dynasty.
Built in 1550, the mosque owes its creation to Sultan Suleiman and its magnificence of design and construction to the genius of Ottoman architecture, Sinan. The columns in the courtyard are made of rich porphyry, marble, and granite. Inside is a vast room made bigger by a huge dome towering over the stained-glass windows and marble pulpit and prayer niche. The light is soft and diffused, enhancing the marvelous calligraphy decorating the walls and giving an air of mystery to the Iznik-tile tomb of Suleiman.